Terpenes, a large and diverse class of organic compounds, are what give each flower, herb, and fruit its own unique scent and flavor.

 

Terpenes are organic hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of plants; they are what enhance your “high” from cannabis and they possess numerous medical benefits. The essential oils revolution has brought with it scientific research and awareness of the medical benefits of terpenes and aromatherapy.

 

Two plants could have similar cannabinoid structures, but completely different terpene structures that result in two vastly differing experiences. Examples:

 

Sativa Terpenes Are Stimulating

Sativas, for instance, typically smell bright and have strong citrus notes. The citrus smell comes from the terpene limonene, which is found in lemons. Limonene is responsible for the uplifted feeling typically found in sativa-dominant strains.

 

Indica Terpenes Are Soothing

Terpenes associated with Indica strains are alpha and beta pinene, which are found in pine trees. Pinene has great anti-inflammatory properties, which helps with the pain-relieving aspects of cannabis. Linalool is also predominant in Indica strains and we can thank this floral terpene for the sedative effect in lavender.

There are myriad and diverse uses for terpenes in isolated forms as well as in complex blends. High-quality and/or food-grade terpenes can be added to a variety of products (cannabis-based, food, beverages, marinades, extracts, topical applications, etc.) to improve the scent or flavor, as well as enhance the overall experience. They’re used in the development of food flavorings, incense, cosmetic products, organic gardening products, household cleaners, natural medicines, perfumes, and more.

 

In addition to unique aromas, terpenes play an equally important role in influencing the way we taste, smell, and feel when a plant, herb, or fruit is consumed. This happens because terpenes interact synergistically with other botanical compounds and human hormones to create

a phenomenon referred to as the “entourage effect” that magnifies the benefits of the plant’s individual components.

 

Studies are showing that terpenes can be effective in the treatment of pain, inflammation, depression, insomnia, anxiety, addiction, epilepsy, cancer, fungal and bacterial infections, and more.

 

Nearly all of the major terpenes in cannabis are either analgesic (anti-pain) or anti-inflammatory.

Our terpenes are 100% natural.  There are over 20,000 terpenes in nature and they are not unique to only one species of plant. For example, some natural sources of alpha-pinene include pine trees, other coniferous trees, eucalyptus, sage, rosemary, and frankincense. The structure of terpenes are always the same no matter from what plant they were isolated. There is a myth that the source of the terpene is important, but when terpenes are isolated from any plant, there is virtually no difference between them.

Terpenes are NOT intended to be used at full potency. All food-grade terpenes should be diluted before they’re added to any type of cannabinoid-rich product — whether smokable, edible, or topical. It’s actually dangerous to let some pure terpenes come into contact with bare skin. It’s important to use appropriate skin and eye protection, and to use terpenes in a well-ventilated area.

Terpenes can be added to aromatherapy blends, diffusers, lotions, edibles, tinctures, cocktails, homemade cleaners, bug repellents, and plant extracts; generally, use as one would use an essential oil.

 

Much like essential oils and many non-Western herbal medicines, terpenes are recommended in small doses over long periods of time. They’re about cumulative benefits, not quick fixes.

 

Always consult the SDS (Safety Data Sheets) before using and working with any terpenes. SDS contain all the information one needs to know including personal protective equipment, hazardous and preventive statements, etc.

Food Grade terpenes or GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) terpenes used as flavor ingredients are safe to ingest.

 

Our terpenes, although all natural with no synthetic or artificial inputs, are still concentrated, similar to essential oils, and must be diluted prior to use — do NOT use undiluted.

To learn more about how many grams of Terpenes, Diluent, and Extract to add together to achieve your desired results, visit our Mixology Calculators page.

When it comes to offering a strain profile that is an accurate representation of the targeted plant genetics, Atlas terpene profiles are superior. We offer a combination of terpenes which surpass competitors’ offerings, on average, by 10-20 isolates.

Rather than simply assuming the profile should lean one way or another based on what a strain profile “traditionally” is, our process allows us to create profiles based on carefully selected and pheno-hunted strain variants which are then analyzed in a lab via chromatography, providing our clients the closest thing to an actual cannabis derived essential oil available.

A phenomenon known as “the entourage effect” suggests that terpenes and cannabinoids like CBD and THC create a union of compounds that can achieve better results as a group than they would in isolation. Simply put, the entourage effect magnifies the therapeutic benefits of the plant’s individual components so that the medicinal impact of the whole plant is greater than the sum of its parts.

 

The levels of THC and CBD and the presence of certain terpenes influence what effects the strain will have on your mood and health. This might explain why people with certain medical conditions seem to benefit more from one strain over another with a similar THC level. For example, if you have 2 different types of cannabis and both have 15% THC, but one gives you energetic effects and one gives you sedative effects, this is largely due to the different terpene profiles.

Terpenes products are sold by weight, not volume. Liquids, like solids, have a measure of density. The denser a liquid is, the more it will weigh in a given volume. Due to the varied density of each individual terpene within a container, the total volume of liquid will vary from profile to profile based on the concentrations of said terpenes.